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November 12 2015

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Gum Surgery: The Other Portion of a Beautiful Smile

You may notice your smile within the mirror, you may focus on the teeth. There's more to your smile, however, than simply teeth. Your gums are very important to your appearance and to your overall health. Sometimes maximizing the way you look or perhaps your teeth's health requires attention and also surgery for the gums. - Laser periodontal surgery

Types of gum surgery

There are various types of gum surgery. A gingivectomy removes gum tissue, which called gingiva or gingival tissue. Gingivoplasty attaches tissue from elsewhere from the mouth to the gums. This is referred to as a gum graft.

A good reason for gum surgery is basically cosmetic. Many people have an overabundance of gum tissue compared to what they want, perhaps due to medication or any other conditions. A �gummy smile� from excessive gum tissue makes all the teeth look smaller or shorter in comparison with are really. A functional dilemma is that excessive gum tissue can make it difficult to keep gums and teeth clean.

Yet another kind of gingivectomy is perfect for crown lengthening. Every time a tooth has broken off or if a crown or filling is lost, there may not be enough tooth sticking over the gumline so that it is repaired properly. In this instance, the dentist will likely need to expose many tooth by cutting back some of the gum tissue.

Conversely, many people have cosmetic gum surgery to provide gum tissue. Teeth looks odd�"and a person can look older�"if the gums have receded. A gum graft or gingivoplasty may be the answer.

Gum surgery may be the fix for gums which may have receded. People who have extra-thin gums can experience gum recession. Brushing way too hard, gums and teeth (periodontitis), and injuries also can lead to gum recession. Eventually, gums can recede much that the tooth's root is exposed. Exposed roots can be unsightly, but they're also prone to pain from heat, cold or touch. Fortunately they are more susceptible to root decay and tooth loss.

Doing the surgery

Dentists often refer patients needing gum surgery to periodontists or oral surgeons who specialize in utilizing the tissue around tooth. The surgical procedure is normally conducted from the periodontist's office.

Gum surgical procedures are typically done using local anesthetic to numb the mouth. Some dentists can also use other medication for relaxation or even sedation.

For gingivectomies, lasers or surgical tools are employed to get rid of the extra gum tissue. You can find three main ways of performing gum grafts to install extra gum tissue. The surgeon will take tissue from your roof from the mouth (the palate) and fasten it for the gum area. Sometimes, choices cuts a small flap inside the palate, and transplants a number of the connective tissue that is certainly underneath the top layer. And when there is certainly enough tissue all around the tooth that needs repair, the surgeon might just cut a flap, referred to as a �pedicle,� the fold it on the exposed root and stitch it in place. Once in a while, dentists may recommend using graft material from the tissue bank as opposed to the patient's own tissue.

There are risks included in gum surgery. Bacteria are the biggest concern. Viruses may cause infection in the gum tissue, and frequently the surgery can introduce bacteria in the bloodstream.

Those with impaired immune systems, or with certain heart disease need to be especially cautious with gum surgery. Commonly dentists will prescribe antibiotics following�"and often even before�"surgery.

Following the surgery

After the surgery, the surgeon may convey a temporary �putty� or barrier across the surgical site. Patients will be presented with instructions to clean as they heal, and for antibiotics. Individuals who use cigarettes and tobacco products are strongly urged to stop as the tobacco decreases the ability for your tissues to fight infection and heal properly. After the healing is completed, people are encouraged to practice careful good oral cleaning of brushing, flossing, dental checkups, and so forth.

To maximise healing, dentists often advise a rinse or topical dental gel. Dental gels with antioxidants that complement natural antioxidants in saliva are an emerging technology gaining approval with dentists, periodontists, and oral surgeons.

Attractive gum tissue is an essential part of the beautiful smile in addition to complete dental health. - Laser periodontal surgery

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